Sunday, December 7, 2014

Infosys Verbal Passage solved

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Chapter 10
Our body is a wondrous mechanism and when subjected to unusual stress over a period of time, it adapts itself to deal more effectively with that stress. So when you exert your muscles against resistance, they are forced to adapt and deal with this extraordinary work load. This is the principle of weight training. Strands of muscle fibres become thicker and stronger in response to the demands placed on them.
One of the great merits of weight training is the strength of your heart. During weight training, your heart is forced to beat faster and stronger in order to pump sufficient blood to the muscles being worked. In time, your heart, like your body, will adapt to this extra-workload by becoming stronger and more efficient. Since your body needs a given amount of blood to perform its daily tasks your heart will now need fewer beats to pump the same quantity of blood. Sounds good? There’s more. Your entire circulatory system is given a thorough workout every time you exercise, which increases its overall efficiency. Even the neural paths from your brain’s command centers to each individual muscle become more effective, enabling easier recruitment of muscle fibres for carrying out physical tasks. In essence, your body becomes a well-oiled and finely-tuned piece of machinery, whirring along without any break-down. In today’s stress filled world, you need all the help you can get.
1.            What is the principal training of weight lifting?
a.         adapting the body to muscle force
b.         adapting muscles to force implied on them
c.         disposing extra-workload
d.         mechanized response to external conditions
2.            What affects the nature of muscle fibres?
a.         Intensity of workload
b.         alimentary system
c.         nutrition
d.         stress imposed on them

3.            How does the heart become stronger owing to physical exercise?
a.         through acclimatization
b.         naturalization
c.         adapting to excessive workload
d.         by accelerating the circulation of blood

4.            How much blood does the heart pump at the same number of heartbeats, when exposed to excessive stress?
a.         same quantity
b.         less than before
c.         more than normal
d.         none of these

5.            What happens to our body due to physical exercise?
a.         more efficient
b.         less efficient
c.         efficiency of the body remains the same
d.         none of these

6.            What does the term ‘well-oiled’ in the passage denote?
a.         healthy
b.         efficient
c.         massaged
d.         none of these

7.            Which one of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage?
a.         health is wealth
b.         exercise-its benefits
c.         the mechanics of weight training
d.         how to retain your health

8.            In the present world, the importance of physical exercise has
a.         increased
b.         decreased
c.         remained at the same level
d.         none of these

9.            What, according to the passage, is the function of the heart?
a.         oxygenation of blood
b.         pumping the blood to the muscles
c.         pumping the blood to capillaries
d.         accelerating the circulation of blood

10.         What does the above passage suggest?
a.         we should carry out physical exercise as a routine
b.         physical exercise is necessary occasionally
c.         we should ignore physical exercise
d.         we should subject our body to as much exercise as it can withstand.

Passage 2
The work which Gandhiji had taken up was not only the achievement of political freedom but also the establishment of a social order based on truth and non-violence, unity and peace, equality and universal brother-hood and maximum freedom for all. This unfinished part of his experiment was perhaps even more difficult to achieve than the achievement of political freedom. In the political struggle, the fight was against a foreign power and all one could do was either join it or wish it success and give it his moral support. In establishing the social order of this pattern, there was a lively possibility of a conflict arising between groups and classes of our own people. Experience shows that man values his possessions even more than his life because in the former he sees the means for perpetuation and survival of his descendants even after his body is reduced to ashes. A new order cannot be established without radically changing the mind and attitude of men towards property and, at some stage or the other, the ‘haves’ have to yield place to the ‘have-nots’. We have seen in our time, attempts to achieve a kind of egalitarian society and the picture of it after it was achieved. But this was done, by and large, through the use of physical force.
In the ultimate analysis it is difficult, if not impossible, to say that the instinct to possess has been rooted out or that it will not reappear in an even worse form under a different guise. It may even be that, like a gas kept confined within containers under great pressure, or water held by a big dam, once a barrier breaks, the reaction will one day sweep back with a violence equal in extent and intensity to what was used to establish and maintain the outward egalitarian form. This enforced egalitarianism contains, in its bosom, the seed of its own destruction.
The root cause of class conflict is possessiveness or the acquisitive instinct. So long as the ideal that is to be achieved is one of securing the maximum material satisfaction, possessiveness is neither suppressed nor eliminated but grows on what it feeds. Nor dos it cease to be such- it is possessiveness, still, whether it is confined to only a few or is shared by many.
If egalitarianism is to endure, it has to be based not on the possession of the maximum material goods by few or by all but on voluntary, enlightened renunciation of those goods which cannot be shared by other or can be enjoyed only at the expense of others. This calls for substitution of spiritual values for purely material ones. The paradise of material satisfaction, that is sometimes equated with progress these days neither spells peace nor progress. Mt. Gandhi has shown us how the acquisitive instinct inherent in man could be transmuted by the adoption of the ideal of trusteeship by those who ‘have’ for the benefit of all those who ‘have not’ so that, instead of leading to exploitation and conflict, it would become a means and incentive for the amelioration and progress of society respectively.
1.            According to the passage, egalitarianism will not survive if
a.            it is based on voluntary renunciation
b.            it is achieved by resorting to physical force
c.            underprivileged people are not involved in its establishment
d.            people’s outlook towards it is not radically changed
e.            none of these
2.            According to the passage, why does man value his possessions more than his life?
a.            he has inherent desire to share his possessions with others
b.            he is endowed with the possessive instinct
c.            only his possessions help him earn love and respect from his descendants
d.            through his possessions he can preserve his name even after his death
e.            none of these
3.            According to the passage, which was the unfinished part of Gandhi’s experiment?
a.            educating people to avoid class conflict
b.            achieving total political  freedom for the country
c.            establishment of an egalitarian society
d.            radically changing the mind and attitude of men towards truth and non-violence
e.            none of these
4.            Which of the following statements is ‘not true’ in the context of the passage?
a.            true egalitarianism can be achieved by giving up one’s possessions under compulsion
b.            man values his life more than his possessions
c.            possessive instinct is a natural part of the human being
d.            in the political struggle, the fight was against the alien rule
e.            the root cause of class conflict is possessiveness
5.            According to the passage, true egalitarianism will last if
a.            it is thrust upon people
b.            it is based on truth and non-violence
c.            people inculcate spiritual values along with material values
d.            ‘haves’ and ‘have-nots’ live together peacefully
e.            none of these
6.            According to the passage, people ultimately overturn the form of a social order
a.            which is based on coercion and oppression
b.            which does not satisfy their basic needs
c.            which is based upon conciliation and rapprochement
d.            which is not congenial to the spiritual values of the people
e.            none of these
7.            According to the passage, the root cause of class conflict is
a.            the paradise of material satisfaction
b.            dominant inherent acquisitive instinct in man
c.            exploitation of the ‘have-nots’ by the ‘haves’
d.            a social order where the unprivileged are not a part of the establishment
e.            none of these
8.            Which of the following statements is ‘not true’ in the context of the passage?
a.            a new order can be established by radically changing the outlook of people towards it
b.            adoption of the ideal of trusteeship can minimize possessive instinct
c.            enforced egalitarianism can be the cause of its own destruction
d.            ideal of new order is to secure maximum material satisfaction
e.            none of these
9.            According to the passage, which of the following statements is ‘true’?
a.            a social order based on truth and non-violence alone can help the achievement of political freedom
b.            in establishing the social order of Gandhiji’s pattern, the possibility of a conflict between different classes of society hardly exists
c.            it is difficult to change the mind and attitude of men towards property
d.            in an egalitarian society, material satisfaction can be enjoyed only at the expense of others
e.            none of these
10.         According to the passage, what does “adoption of the ideal of trusteeship” mean?
a.            equating peace and progress with material satisfaction
b.            adoption of the ideal by the ‘haves’ for the benefit of the society
c.            voluntary, enlightened renunciation of the possessive instinct by the privileged class
d.            substitution of spiritual values by material ones by those who live in the paradise of material satisfaction
e.            none of these
Passage – 3
The first thing the children wanted to do at the zoo was to ride the elephant. They were frightened as they climbed the ladder to take their seats on the swaying back of the huge beast. Elephants seem awkward creatures as they move along heavily, their legs covered with loose folds of tough skin and their trunk swinging from side to side in search of food or drink. An elephant has great strength in its trunk, and can drag heavy loads with ropes, but it can also use its trunk to pick up small articles such as coins or nuts from the ground. After their ride on the elephant, the children went to see the lions and tigers. Crowds of people stood watching, protected from the cruel beasts by the strong metal bars of the cages.
From there, they went to seen the monkeys. Those merry creatures were jumping about the rocks, swinging on the wires of their cages, or begging for nuts from the passers-by. If anyone annoyed them, they would scold him angrily and beat their chests with their hands.
In the end, they saw some curious creatures like the giraffe with its long neck and the camel with its short beard.
1.            Which of the following is the reaction of the monkeys when they get irritated?
a.            They jump about the rock
b.            They swing on the wire of the cage
c.            They beat their chest
d.            They beg from visitors
e.            They keep quiet
2.            The cages of lions are made of strong metal bars in order to
a.            protect visitors from the lions
b.            Protect lions from other animals
c.            Ensure the durability f the cages
d.            Enable the visitors to see the lions
e.            Enable lions to get fresh air
3.            Which of the following is the chief function of the trunk of the elephant?
a.            Picking up small articles like coins from the ground
b.            Swaying from side to side
c.            Dragging heavy loads
d.            Eating food and drinking water
e.            Creating fear among other animals
4.            The children were afraid of riding on the elephant as
a.            The elephant looked awkward
b.            The back of the elephant was swaying
c.            The trunk of the elephant was winging
d.            The elephant was dragging heavy loads
e.            Its legs were covered with loose folds
5.            Which of the following is a ferocious animal?
a.            Giraffe
b.            Elephant
c.            Camel
d.            Monkey
e.            None of these
6.            Which of the following does ‘not’ make the elephant awkward in appearance?
a.            Its long trunk
b.            Its swinging trunk
c.            Its heavy movement
d.            Loose folds on its legs
e.            None of these
7.            Which of the following is typical of the giraffe?
a.            Hump on the back
b.            Short beard
c.            Tough skin
d.            Swaying back
e.            Long neck
Passage 4
To those who do listen, the desert speaks of things with an emphasis quite different from that of the shore, the mountain, the valley or the plains. Whereas these invite action and suggest limitless opportunity and exhaustless resources, the implications and the mood of the desert are something different. For one thing, the desert is conservative, not radical. It is more likely to provoke awe than to invite conquest. The heroism which it encourages is the heroism of the endurance, not that of conquest. It brings man up against this limitation, turns him in upon himself and suggests values which more indulgent regions suppress. Sometimes it induces contemplation in men who have never contemplated before. And of all the answers to the question-what is a desert good for –‘ contemplation’ is perhaps the best.
1.            In order to receive the desert’s message the beholder needs to be
a.            Courageous in his reaction
b.            Conservative in his responses
c.            A good listener
d.            Sensitive of nature
2.            The desert is unique among landscapes in that it encourages only
a.            Contemplation
b.            Indolence
c.            Heroic endeavour
d.            Adventurous spirit
3.            If one responds with insight to the mood of the desert, it evokes
a.            An inclination for deep thought
b.            The possibility of unending resources
c.            The desire for heroic conquest
d.            A sense of intense revulsion
4.            The writer calls the desert ‘conservative’ rather than ‘radical’ because it provides an environment that
a.            Inspires man to explore it
b.            Offers unlimited opportunity to conquer
c.            Tests one’s endurance
d.            Makes one gloomy
5.            What does the phrase “it brings man up against his limitations”, mean?
a.            It makes man feel hopeless about his limitations
b.            It makes man aware of his limitations
c.            It compels man to fight against his limitations
d.            It persuades man to overcome his limitations

Passage 5
The best way of understanding our own civilization is to take an ordinary sort of day in the life of an ordinary sort of man, myself for instance, and to see what he does. My home is in London.  I get up in the morning when an alarm clock rings on the table by my bed. It is quite a complicated machine and works perfectly. I get into a hot bath, the water for which has been heated by gas. The gas is supplied to    me by the Gas Board for the area in which I live; it is part of a national system. The water is supplied by the City Water Board. After bathing, I shave – the water for my shave comes from a kettle which has been heated by electricity. As far as I am concerned, what happens is very simple: I put a plug in the wall and put on the switch and the electricity does the rest. I use a safety razor, the blade of which, made of very finely tempered steel, has been cut, together with millions of other blades, by machines. The clothes which I put on have also been spun and woven largely by steam or electrically driven machines.
1.            The ‘I’ in this passage represents:
a.    A common man
b.    A rich person
c.    An automation
d.    A robot
2.            The ideal way of understanding a civilization is
a.    To read its literature
b.    To see how the people shave, bathe and dress
c.    To assess its technological progress
d.    To study the daily routine of an ordinary person
3.            The ‘complicated machine’ in the passage refers to
a.    An electric kettle
b.    A safety razor
c.    An alarm clock
d.    Gas
4.            The gas being ‘supplied by a national system’ means that
a.    It is supplied by a nationalist government
b.    It is supplied only nationally and not internationally
c.    It is supplied all over the country by a central agency
d.    It is supplied to only those who believe in a national system
5.            The kind of life experienced by the writer is representative of
a.    An advanced urban society
b.    A rural society
c.    A semi-urbanized society
d.    A socialist society
Passage 6
The idea of evolution (which is gradual change ) was not a new one. The Greeks had thought of it, so had Erasmus Darwin, the grandfather of Charles Darwin, and also the Frenchman, Lamarck. It is one thing to have an idea; we can all guess and sometimes make a lucky guess. It is quite another thing to produce a proof of the correctness of that idea. Darwin thought he had that proof in his notebooks. He saw that all animals had to struggle to survive. Those which were best at surviving their environment passed on the good qualities which helped them to their descendants. This was called ‘ the survival of the fittest’. For example, in a cold climate, those who have the warmest fur will live. Darwin believed that this necessity for an animal to deal with its environment explained the immense variety of creatures.
1.            At the time that Darwin arrived on the scene, the idea of evolution
a.            Was an unheard of idea
b.            Had already been proved beyond doubt
c.            Had been thought of but not proved
d.            Was not thought fit for exploration
2.            According to Darwinian thought, the world of animals is marked by
a.            peaceful coexistence
b.            A struggle for survival
c.            Indifference towards each other
d.            Love and friendship
3.            The expression ‘the survival of the fittest’ means that-
a.            The strong will survive while the weak will perish
b.            The strong and the weak will live peacefully
c.            The strong will help the weak survive
d.            Both the strong and the weak will survive
4.            In colder climates
a.            All animals can survive
b.            No animal can survive
c.            Only animals with fur can survive
d.            Animals are hard to come by
5.            Darwin thought that the environment
a.            Has no effect on animals
b.            Has lot of effect on animals
c.            Has a marginal effect on animals
d.            Has an effect on man but not on animals
Passage 7
Mikhail Gorbachev’s ouster, though dramatic in every respect, is on no account a surprise. Both his foes and his closest friends had been warning him of it with a heightening sense of urgency for the past several months. Its consequences, however, are wholly unpredictable. The Soviet Union could well witness protracted violence on a mass scale should the reformists and the republics, those which have sought varying degrees of sovereignty for themselves, choose to defy the central authority. It is possible that the country after an initial period of uncertainty, and perhaps even violence, could revert to the pre-Perestroika system. Equally uncertain is the course of East-West relations. These are bound to deteriorate though the extent of deterioration must remain a matter of conjecture. Hailed abroad as a leader who had dared to free Soviet citizens from fear, who had enabled the countries  of Eastern Europe to become democracies even as they regained their full sovereign status, who had paved the way for the reunification of Germany and who had exposed the moribund and totalitarian character of communism, he appeared,  at home under fire from all sides.
1.            Under Gorbachev’s term, the Soviet people were
a.            Afraid to speak
b.            Indisciplined and lazy
c.            Committed to communism
d.            Not afraid to criticize
2.            The relations between the Soviet Union and Western countries
a.            Are likely to remain unaffected
b.            May improve considerably
c.            Will definitely get worse
d.            Will fluctuate
3.            The post-Gorbachev era may witness
a.            A more open economy
b.            Reversal of Perestroika
c.            Greater role for reformers
d.            Sovereignty for republics
4.            As a result of his policies, the countries of Eastern Europe became
a.            Democratic and truly independent
b.            Authoritarian and inhuman
c.            United and totalitarian
d.            Democratic but with a monarchy
5.            The removal of Mikhail Gorbachev from power is
a.            Thrilling and extraordinary
b.            Dramatic but expected
c.            Vivid and shocking
d.            Strange and cruel
Passage 8
Bansilal’s train was late and it reached Bombay a little after midnight. It was his first visit to the city, and he didn’t know where to go. He thought he would go to a choultry where he would not have to pay rent, but he did not know how to find one at that hour. He asked a porter to get him a cheap room. The porter asked him for 3 rupees to take him to 1. But Bansilal waved him away and walked out of the station. He wandered through the streets and asked a number of people, but could not find a room cheap enough for him.
He sat down on a park bench to think of what he should do next. He was very tired and fell asleep on the bench. He woke up the next morning, stiff in every limb; but he smiled when he realized that it was the cheapest night’s lodging that he had ever had.
1.            Bansilal could not get any accommodation for the night as
a.    All the hotels in the city were closed
b.    All the hotel room were booked
c.    The hotels were too expensive for him to afford
d.    He wanted to spend the night in the open
2.            In the passage, the word ‘choultry’ should mean
a.    An expensive hotel
b.    A highway hotel
c.    A roadside eatery
d.    A free resting place
3.            The porter refused to help Bansilal because
a.    He was rude to the porter
b.    He had no previous acquaintance with the porter
c.    He spoke a language which the porter could not understand
d.    He refused to pay the porter any tip
4.            The night in the open
a.    Refreshed Bansilal
b.    Gave him aches all over his body
c.    Made his limbs stronger
d.    Did not affect him at all
5.            From the passage, Bansilal emerges as
a.    A thrifty person
b.    An extravagant spender
c.    An adventurous person
d.    A fun loving person












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